Kestrel's Nest

Cauldon Place Patterns

Cauldon Place Works Occupation Periods

Job Ridgway
Job Ridgway & Son(s)
John & William Ridgway
John Ridgway (& Co)

Many of the earliest wares appear to have been unnumbered; later only the major pieces of services were numbered. It appears that not until well into the J&W Ridgway period were the majority of pieces numbered. Printed wares without further decoration were never numbered. This makes life a little difficult for the student. The early sprigged wares are also not numbered.

Initially the patterns were numbered in a single series, presumably beginning at 1. As the patterns multiplied this became less convenient. The following system developed:

1-c.500 All wares c.1802-c.1810
c.501-9999 Dinner, dessert & toilet wares c.1810-c.1850
2/1-2/9999 Tea & breakfast wares* c.1810-c.1850
3/1-c.3/1100 Fancy wares c.1810-c.1856
5/1-c.5/5600 Tea & breakfast wares c.1850-c.1856
6/1-c.6/6300 Dinner, dessert & toilet wares c.1850-c.1856

*This system was not strictly adhered to. Dessert and other wares do appear with tea ware numbers. Initially I conjectured that, when dinner or dessert services were sold at the same time as tea services and to the same pattern, the combined service acquired the teaware number. However Dr Godden has suggested to me that these pieces might be from extended breakfast services, and I now consider this to be the more likely explanation. However, this practice has caused confusion and pieces have been wrongly attributed as a result. The highest number I have observed where a non-teaware piece, in this case a dinner plate, has been numbered with a teaware pattern is 2/4953.

The above dates are based on those given in 'Ridgway Porcelains' by Geoffrey Godden. The dates indicate when patterns were first introduced and do not relate to the actual year of manufacture of a particular piece. Some patterns vanished very quickly whereas others continued for years, even decades.

Sprigged Wares

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Chariot
Mugs in various sizes. Bone china. Ornate classical style sprigging of chariots drawn by strange beasts or putti. Pale blue ground with a slightly mauvish tinge. Chariot

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Printed Wares

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Ottoman Empire
Oval dessert dish. Earthenware. Printed in blue with views in the Ottoman Empire within an ornate border. Ottoman Empire
Dresden Opaque China
Cheese Stand. Earthenware. Printed in blue; centre flower & rock pattern with central flower rising from shallow inverted cone; shoulder double line, swagged; 3 floral groups in border Dresden Opaque China
Japan Flowers
Cheese Stand. Earthenware. Gadrooned shape printed in blue with pattern of flowers and butterflies. JWR shield mark. Japan Flowers
     

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c.501-9999 Series

Dessert, Dinner & Toilet wares.

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594 Dessert plate. Bone China. Pale blue ground border leaving arabesque moulding white. Pale blue ground centre leaving 5-pointed leaf star in white. Gilt edge, edges to border and centre, detail to leaf star. 594
609 Dessert plate. Bone china. Hand painted floral springs interspersed with gilt flower sprigs below the grape mouldings. Gilt centre ring, shoulder ring and edge. Gilt highlights to mouldings. 609
631 Dessert plate. Bone china. Border with pink ground and gilt oval floral panels and c-scrolls. Gilt centre ring and boder edges. Gilt highlights to mouldings. 631
637 Fruit basket and stand, round shell dish with single handle, dessert plate. Bone china. Centre print of fruit in grey filled in with multicoloured enamels. Gilt highlights. 637
806 Comport from a dessert service. Bone china. Centre print of fruit in grey filled in with multicoloured enamels. Gilt highlights. 806
831 Tureen and ladle from a dessert service. Earthenware. Printed in black with rocks and flowers and floral sprigs. Filled multicoloured with green and rose highlights on mouldings. 831
833 Dessert plate. Earthenware. Central print in grey coloured in by hand. Red brown edge, shoulder ring and highlights to moulding. 833
860 Round shell dish with single handle. Earthenware. Complex Chinoiserie design printed in blue filled with underglaze blue, salmon pink and iron red. Gilt highlights. 860
862 Round shell dish with single handle. Bone china. Rock and flowers printed in black and filled with multicoloured enamels. Four similar floral sprigs on border. 862
865 Round shell dish with single handle, dessert plate. Bone china. Gilt band at edge with border of gilt c-scrolls. Hand-painted gilt and turquoise floral sprigs. Gilt ring centre and gilt highlights on grape mouldings. 865
895 Dessert plate. Bone china. Bowl of flowers printed in black and filled in with yellow-green and turquoise enamels. Gold band at edge. 895
1181 Small meat dish from a dinner service. Bone china. Underglaze blue border with heavy scale gilding containing three reserves with gilt floral sprigs. Cream band inside border with interlinked gilt c-scrolls. Multicoloured hand-painted floral sprigs in centre. Gadrooning highlighted in gilt. 1181
1982 Oval, leaf dessert dishes. Bone china. Floral sprigs (4 round edge & 1 in centre) printed in pink. Gilt highlights to edge & hdles. 1982
     

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2/1 - 2/9999 Series

Tea & Breakfast wares - also dessert and other wares with tea ware numbers.

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2/21 blue Dessert plate. Bone china. Pale blue ground border with flowers with iron red petals and gilt leaves and stems. Inner and outer edges in underglaze blue and gilt. 2/21 blue
2/21 pink Dessert plate. Bone china. Salmon pink ground border with flowers with iron red petals and gilt leaves and stems. Inner and outer edges in underglaze blue and gilt. 2/21 pink
2/254 Dessert plate. Bone china. Spiral green and grey floral sprigs hanging over shoulder interspersed with smaller gilt sprigs. Single green and grey sprig in centre. Gilt edge, centre ring and highlights to moulding. 2/254
2/578 Dessert plate. Bone china. Heavily gilt border with underglaze blue and salmon pink ground decorated with iron red, green and gilt flowers 2/578
2/643 Square dessert dish, dessert plate. Bone china. Chinese vases with flowers &c in centre and four floral border sprigs printed in black, filled in with multicoloured enamels. Green and rose enamel highlights on mouldings. 2/643
2/823 Coffee cup. Bone china. Pale blue ground above mouldings. Large multicoloured hand-painted flower groups between reserves and smaller ones in reserves. Gilt scrollwork inside cup. Gilt highlights to mouldings. Gilt edge inside and out, foot ring. 2/823
2/836 Large oval dish from a breakfast service. Bone china. Dark blue flower sprigs painted sparsely. 2/836
2/845 Tea cup and saucer. Bone china. Small hand-painted multicoloured flower sprigs spaced around the mouldings. 2/845
2/854 Large saucer dish, tea cup and saucer. Bone china. One large and two small hand-painted multicoloured flower sprigs. Gold edge. 2/854
2/886 Small saucer dish, trio. Bone china. Gilt tracery and floral sprigs. Gilt edge. 2/886
2/971 Coffee cup. Bone china. Heavy gilt highlighting of mouldings. Gilt edge and foot ring. 2/971
2/1043 Food warming plate from a breakfast service. Bone china. Underglaze blue border with gilt leaf &c, with white reserves filled with multicoloured hand painted flower groups. Gilt edge, centre rings and highlights to shell cap. Gilt acanthus and scrollwork to base. 2/1043
2/1378 Tea pot and stand, sugar box, milk jug, slop bowl, large and small saucer dishes, tea cup and saucer. Bone china. Underglaze blue with gilded network border, cream and gilt c-scrolls inside with hanging gilt fern. Centre one large and two small hand-painted floral sprigs. Gilt highlights on gadrooning, gilt spike on handle and detailing on spout and knob. 2/1378

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6/1 - c.6/6300 Series

Dessert, Dinner & Toilet wares.

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6/5586 Dessert plate. Bone china. Marone, gilt & pale salmon pierced border with white petalled flower-heads. Gilt fern dropping over shoulder. Hand-painted, multicoloured circlet of flowers in centre. 6/5586
     

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John Ridgway, Bates & Co

For some reason the pattern numbering system evolved under the previous partnerships was abandoned around 1856 when Bates came on the scene. A new system was begun commencing at 1 for all wares. The series would appear to have reached over 1000 before confusion with the first Ridgway numbering system forced a further change (1859?) as detailed below. For the sake of avoiding confusion, in the Brown-Westhead period pattern books the factory prefixed these numbers with 8/ so BWM '8/103' is the same pattern as JRB '103' however no pieces have been observed by me to have the '8/' actually written on them. A few of the patterns were continued well into the BWM/Cauldon period and appear on shapes of that period.

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Bates, Brown-Westhead & Moore
Brown-Westhead, Moore & Co
Cauldon Ltd
Cauldon Potteries Ltd

In 1859, or thereabouts, a totally new system of numbering was evolved based on letter prefixes. As before, printed patterns (without further decoration) were not given a pattern number but were referred to by the name of the print.

A Dinner wares c.1859-c.1877
B Dessert wares c.1859-c.1908?
C Tea & breakfast wares c.1859-c.1880?
D Toilet wares c.1859-c.1910?
F Miscellaneous wares c.1859-c.?
G Fancy wares c.1859-c.1910?
H Dinner wares c.1877-c.1897
K Tea & breakfast wares c.1880?-c.1897?
L Dinner wares c.1897-c.1910
N Tea & breakfast wares c.1897?-c.1910?
O Hotel wares c.1908-c.19?
P Dessert wares c.1908?-c.19?
R Toilet wares c.1910?-c.19?
T Tea & breakfast wares c.1910?-c.19?
V Dinner wares c.1910-c.19?
W Fancy wares c.1910?-c.19?

The above dates are based on dates in the surviving pattern books held at the Wedgwood Museum. The dates indicate when patterns were first introduced and do not relate to the actual year of manufacture of a particular piece. Some patterns vanished very quickly whereas others continued for years, even decades.

Cauldon Ltd began a new series of simple numbers without prefix. There is also evidence of an X prefix series but I am not clear how that fits into the system. I have also included some miscellaneous wares here.

Printed Wares

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K Series - Tea & Breakfast wares.

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K/1448 Coffee cup & saucer. Ring-handled. Bone China. Printed in deep blue with small birds, probably tits, plants, &c. Gilt lines at edge, foot rim & handle. K/1448
     

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Miscellaneous wares

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Kidlington Oxon
Earthenware. Printed with Pratt-style picture of area round church. Gilt edge. Kidlington Oxon
     

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